Whom To Seek Help When The Police Use Excessive Force?
As you may know, the police force the ones protecting the safety and the security of the members of the society; as a matter of fact, almost all of them are working hard to make sure that they are doing their job well, to the put that they put themselves in danger regularly. However, unfortunately, there are times when their arrests do not go as how they want it to be. Notwithstanding whether the reason why police officers are using excessive force towards a suspect is because of a prejudice they held against them, or may it be because they are bullies through and through or probably, it is due to the fact that the got scared or got frightened from the situation they are on, whatever reason they may have, one thing is for sure – this will cause permanent damage to the suspect. If it so happen that police officers who are tasked to arrest a suspect or a possible suspect use excessive force in doing their job, they are not only causing permanent damage to the suspect, they are also affecting the case of the prosecutor to the point of hurting it whilst, giving the criminal defense attorney one more chance to protect the innocent people, including their rights.
For sure, many of you are wondering what excessive force is or how it is different from the usual force done by police officers. When it comes to apprehending or subduing a suspect, of course, police officers have to use simple force while there are also times when, if the nature of the arrest already goes beyond their jurisdiction or no longer follows their plan, they are given the power to hurt or even kill the assailant, most especially if they pose great threat towards the people around, the operation and the officers. But of course, the actions done by police officers are governed by the rules and regulations they have to follow that is why if they went overboard or if they violate these rules, the force they executed is already considered excessive.
Criminal defense attorney, as what their name implies, are law practitioners handling cases that has something to do with possible suspects or potential assailants and the things they handle for them includes when their clients are subdued or apprehended by police officers using excessive force. If you feel like the police officer who arrested you is using excessive force upon extracting a confession or upon getting information from you, you can tell this to your criminal defense attorney as this will serve as a huge step for your case to be dismissed as evidence can be thrown out of the court. It would be a great help on your end to file a complaint and request your local or perhaps, your state police departments to conduct their own investigations toward the actions of their police officer/s.
Consider pain in the feet as a warning sign of potential health problems. Common issues that often send people to a physician include fungal infections, corns, calluses, ingrown toenails, bunions, and unpleasant odors. Before issues become serious, see a foot doctor. It’s better to move quickly at the first sign of discomfort than to wait until symptoms worsen. Learn information about podiatrists before making your appointment to prepare yourself.
Typical Office Visits
The first appointment with a foot doctor often includes more chatting than anything else. Expect the physician to ask many background questions to learn about symptoms and issues. Although you may feel embarrassed about your feet, podiatrists are familiar with typical issues that affect many people. It’s unlikely that your particular problems will be unusual or more unpleasant than that of other patients seen by a physician. The podiatrist may want to watch you walk to assess your gait. Typical walking patterns can be an integral part of foot health and problems.
Preparing for an Appointment
Prior preparation will help you make the most of your appointment. Write down details about your health history if you think you might forget some of this information. Include details such as surgeries, illnesses, and family health history. If you have copies of test results and X-rays that connect with your current issues, bring these items with you. Write down all medications you are currently taking, including vitamins and other over-the-counter medications. Either bring or wear the shoes you wear most often to your appointment. The foot doctor can examine these shoes to see your typical wear pattern, which can provide important information for diagnosis. If you have specific questions or concerns, write them down so you can remember these talking points. Think about the times when you feel symptoms the most so you can share these details with the physician. For example, if you notice discomfort when exercising or sitting, note these details to share with the doctor. Keep a log of symptoms for several days, if necessary.
What Not To Do
Many people feel compelled to perform excessive self-care before a podiatrist appointment. Women might want to shave their legs before seeing the physician, but this is not mandatory. Avoid getting a pedicure or painting your toenails. Having unpainted toenails will allow the foot doctor to examine them more effectively. Do not trim your toenails, either. This will enable the physician to take a sample, if necessary.
Wash your feet well before your foot doctor visit. Physicians usually appreciate examining clean feet. Wear clean socks to avoid odors. Be ready with questions so that you may leave the appointment with a clear understanding of any potential issues. When you get information from the physician, make sure you understand it. Ask follow-up questions to learn as much as possible about your condition, and recommended treatments.
It’s easy to overlook your feet unless they hurt. To keep your feet healthy, pay attention to symptoms and be proactive to seek treatments for problems. Faster diagnosis often minimizes issues and helps you overcome them with ease.
Every height of heel is fabulous, from the comfortable flat to the alluring stilettos but which is for you? The easiest answer to this question depends on the original structure of your feet. Some women are naturally high-heeled so high heel shoes go along with the natural curve of your feet, where flats may be a bit uncomfortable for you. While some women are vise-versa, they are not necessarily flat-footed but are blessed with a lower heel so high heels for her may be uncomfortable but not impossible to wear. To find the perfect heel height for you, we have the following test:
Heel Height Test
Lift one leg in the air, straight leg at the height of your knee. Keep this foot flat!
Now measure the length from your knee to heel.
Now relax your foot and measure the distance from your knee to heel again.
The number distance is your ideal heel height!
Most likely your favorite pair of pumps coincides with the height (mine did!). Just hints that your body usually knows what’s best for you and lets you know. Now, if you choose to ignore your body, there are repercussions.
Remember when you went out last week and you wore your sexiest pair of shoes all night and you took them off and could barely walk flat. That’s a sign “DING DING!” You wore those shoes for too long and if you continue you will have permanent effects.
TO BE CLEAR: The most harm that come from wearing heels result from constant long-term wear in high heels. Sometimes ladies we just have to say no to those beautiful pumps and bring out the not so sexy flats. You can always be-dazzle them!
The lasting effects are most likely shown in the knees, back, and of course the feet. Shoes two inches or higher forces the body forward, turning walking into an awkward chore. It also forces the foot downwards restricting its ability to flex and absorb the shock of walking on cement grounds with your weight forced on each step. Leaving those sensitive areas like the knees and hip joints to pick up the slack, which can aggravate and sometimes even cause arthritis.
Here are some pros and cons with varying heel height:
Flats (1 inch or less)
Pros: They’re comfortable, stylish and easier on the feet than higher heels.
Cons: Most don’t offer arch support, and the feet often have to work to keep the shoes on.
Kitten heels (1.5 to 2 inches)
Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer, and are easier to walk in than higher heels.
Cons: They can cause problems from corns to back pain. They don’t supply the same glamour that higher heels do.
High heels (2.5 to 4 inches)
Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer and the body leaner.
Cons: They can be painful to wear, and are sometimes difficult to walk in. They can cause many foot problems, such as hammer-toes and bunions, and back pain.
Extreme (over 4 inches)
Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer and the body leaner. They also tend to make the backside more noticeable (although this could also be a con!).
Cons: They put huge pressure on the feet-seven times your body weight-plus very difficult to walk in and can cause foot problems and back pain.
* Heels 4½”+ are acceptable with much caution; anything more is bad for your posture. It forces your bottom to poke out and overloads the toes and balls of the feet with the full force of your weight. These are the type of heels made for sitting, and nothing more.
The higher the heel the bigger the impact: some studies have shown 4″ heels can add up to 30% or more pressure to the front of the foot.
Don’t we all want to be a sexy grandma one day and those days of reckless youth may come back to haunt us with constant heel wear. Long wear can also cause restricted circulation in the lower legs, which can eventually bring on the dreaded spider vein. That is not a sexy lady! I know you ladies love to create that walk that makes the boys stop and the men stare, but it can create an unnatural sway to you spine, producing a stressed lumbar that can result in a sore lower back. Heels not only have to be the right height but in the right position: not too far back, but right under the center of the heel so they support your weight properly, following the natural line of your body.
But with anything moderation is key. Taking breaks on constant heel wear or simply varying your heel height can make you the exception to the rule easily.
Ladies, listen to your body especially your feet! They protect you from so much. Stretching after those fun nights can do your body a load of good not even just your feet. Yoga is a great way to add focus to your spirit and also stretches out your muscles and relieves tension. Yoga poses such as High and Low Lunge and Standing Forward Fold to stretch the muscles in your calves, hip flexors, and hamstrings. Core work can also help stretch out shortened muscles in your back and tone overstretched muscles in your abdomen.
In everything in life there is an opposite; there is yin and yang, night and day, combs have brushes. When most think of flats they think of a happy alternative to heels. Flats are thought of as a safe haven for your feet or so most think.
There are flats that can be considered too flat and cause more harm than good. They don’t provide adequate arch support, cushioning or shock absorption, which all feet need especially those with flat feet. Without that support, you can get inflammation, tendonitis, heel pain, strains. Ballet flats or foldable flats are very common in lacking support.
Overcompensating with too much cushion, like certain running shoes for example, can be just as bad. When there is a lot of cushion, your brain is not getting the direct feedback from your foot because your sense of ground is thrown off which can cause stress injuries, especially to the heel.
Flips Flops are also on the caution list. Most are too flat, too thin and too open. This exposes the foot to the environment and doesn’t provide arch support or cushioning.
The thong that sits between your toes is also dangerous, it forces your toe muscles to over-grip. Plus, when your big toe hangs off the flip-flop, you increase your risk for toe fractures. The risk of getting splinters or other foot injuries is higher when the feet are exposed. People with diabetes should not wear flip-flops, because simple cuts and scrapes can lead to serious complications.
The solution is here.
For Flip Flops you can try fitted flip-flops for arch support, and the height of the sole better protects your foot from outside debris
If you love the look of ballet flats, over-the-counter inserts may help prevent mild foot pain. Heel pads can provide extra cushioning for achy heels. And custom orthotics can ease a whole range of foot pains and problems. Podiatrists prescribe these inserts to provide arch support and reduce pressure on sensitive areas. A trip to your podiatrist would be helpful to find out the pressure points on your foot or where you place most of your weight. If you want to avoid the doctor then possibly Dr. Scholl’s foot pads are available. If the pain is consistent no matter the insert, a trip to the podiatrist may be beneficial for your health. There may be something deeper than just back arch support.
Most common causes of foot pain – Caution ladies
Plantar fasciitis – an inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs between the heel and the arch of the foot
Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common cause of foot pain. It’s so common, in fact, that almost everyone will deal with a case of PF in his or her lifetime. Certain stressful exercises or constant standing, over-training, tight calf muscles, flat feet, high arches, weight gain, or jobs that require may increase the possibility of an inflammation. It is most common in middle-aged people men or women but anyone can get Plantar fasciitis is a very easy affliction if you are not conscience of the strain you put on your feet.
The pain can present as sharp, dull, aching, or burning. Classic symptoms to look out for:
– Notable heel pain or stiffness in the morning that recedes during the day.
– Pain that goes away when you exercise (as the muscles and ligaments get warm and stretchy) but comes back when you’re done working out.
– Increased pain when you climb stairs or stand on your toes.
– Pain after sitting or standing for an extended period.
The best ways to alleviate or hopefully avoid PF are stretches:
30-second stretches, five times a day.” Foot stretches may help, but it’s far more important to stretch your calf
Always stretch your feet, calves, and Achilles after a workout (or a long day on your feet).
Become aware of the strains you put on your feet.
– When going for distance, walk or run on soft surfaces.
– Alternate activities to prevent over-stressing the plantar fascia.
– Ice at the first hint of pain.
– Take rest days!
– Always wear supportive shoes (or over the counter inserts in your non-supportive shoes), whether or not you’re working out.
– Avoid long periods of barefoot walking or standing. Even at home, try slippers or comfy shoes.
– If you’ve recently gained weight, gotten pregnant, or started a new fitness routine, take extra care to support your feet. Sudden changes like these can increase your risk of plantar fasciitis.
What is it?
Maca powder is derived from a root that was discovered in Peru and has been part of ancient healing remedies for centuries. Today, it is a very common food supplement, offering a variety of health benefits that are very good for you. This supplement can be powerful so you only need a small amount of it to gain those benefits.
How much to Use?
The health benefits from maca powder can be found in as little as ½ a teaspoon per day. You shouldn’t take more than a teaspoon of it per 24 hour period. It is recommended to take it for 3 days in a row, then 2 days off, and to repeat. You can add it to smoothies, salads, and more. Avoid adding it to hot foods though because that will actually destroy the health benefits.
Vitamins and Nutrients
The volume of vitamins and nutrients found in maca powder is going to blow you away. This is a great way to naturally supplement your diet. Of course you shouldn’t be replacing foods that are good for you with this root. Yet it can be a simple way to help you get more of what your body needs.
There can be many reasons why you feel stressed or anxious. You may feel depressed for no evident reason. Maca powder may help to provide the missing elements for your mood to be where you want it. This can be worth trying before you move into the area of antidepressants as there aren’t any adverse side effects to contend with.
A lack of energy isn’t something you just have to deal with. Perhaps you blame it on getting olde or your busy schedule. However, it can be the result of your body not getting what it needs. This supplement can naturally help you to boost your energy without feeling shaky or being too stimulated.
What that additional energy, you may be able to finish work tasks in less time. You may find you are motivated to workout more often or to increase the amount of time you spend working out. You may discover this boost is what you need to get back to enjoying an active social life rather than being a couch potato after work.
This can be a natural way to help fight acne and blemishes from the inside out. It may work to open up pores. At the same time, it is flushing toxins from the body that can result in a chemical imbalance. Too much oil can result in acne being triggered. It may assist with other skin problems too such as dryness and being sensitive to the heat or the cold.
Women often have an array of issues to contend with at various stages of life. This can reduce cramping and other symptoms relating to the menstrual cycle. Many women find this supplement helps them get through the various stages of menopause. It can help to reduce mood swings and hot flashes.
Sexual Well Being
Some studies indicate maca powder can help increasing libido for both men and women. It can also reduce the symptoms of erectile dysfunction for males. Some men report it helps them to keep an erection for a longer duration. It may assist with balancing out hormone levels. For those struggling with infertility, it is certainly worth a try!
Douse the flames – six ways to quench the painful, maddening sensation of burning feet.
When you see a comedian get a hotfoot in an old movie, you probably have a good chuckle. But when your feet like they’re on fire, your sense of humour rapidly diminishes. The causes of flaming feet are many. But so are the remedies. Here are six of the most common tactics for putting out the fire.
BUY SHOES THAT ‘BREATHE’
Natural leather is porous and allows the foot to “breathe” – that is, it lets perspiration evaporate so your feet don’t swim in your shoes. So-called man-made leather isn’t very porous, especially if it’s advertised as water-proof. “With no ventilation, your feet get damp, and the combination of dampness and friction causes a burning sensation,” says podiatrist Gary H. Gordon, director of the running and jogging programme at the University of Pennsylvania Sports Medicine Center. This burning is most noticeable on the sole, although it can occur anywhere on the foot.
How can you tell if stuffy shoes are the culprit? It’s pretty easy: The burning goes away not long after the shoes are removed and the feet dry out.
Not all man-made materials are bad for your feet, though. Many high-quality athletic shoes are made from synthetic like Coolmax and Gore-Tex that are designed to breathe. Likewise, not all natural cowhide shoes are innocent. Some have artificial linings or have been sealed with a water-proofing spray. But, in general, it’s best to stick with good, old, reliable leather when selecting non-athletic footwear.
There are a few ways to keep your dogs dry in hot shoes:
Carry an extra pair of socks. You can put on the fresh pair during your lunch hour, or whenever your feet become uncomfortable.
Powder your feet and the insides of your shoes. A little talcum powder or deodorant powder or spray will help absorb moisture. Repeat when you change socks.
Kick your shoes off when you can. Office workers can get away with this at their desks. Or go barefoot around your house.
GET SOCK SENSE
If your shoes breathe, but you still have damp, burning feet, you may be wearing the wrong kind of socks. Natural fibres like cotton and wool used to be the preferred materials; however, recent research has shown that they absorb but don’t release moisture to the shoe for evaporation. But newer, synthetic materials are specially made to wick moisture away from the foot. You’re more likely to find these synthetic in special athletic socks. Orlon, polypropylene and Coolmax are three to look for.
Burning feet can also be caused by sock texture. Old socks that are worn down to the netting can irritate the soles of your feet – especially if you do a lot of walking in them. If you can see through the heel and ball of the sock, it’s time to retire it to the shoe-polishing pile.
DEFUSE THE FUNGUS
Despite the name, athlete’s foot can afflict anybody. You may pick up the fungus anywhere that you and a lot of other people walk around barefoot. In fact, many people have low-grade infections that don’t seem to bother them.
The burning of athlete’s foot is frequently found between the toes and on the soles. Growing conditions there are perfect from the fungal point of view: warm, dark and damp. Infected areas may be marked by itchy, burning irritation and red, scaly, cracked skin or pockets of clear fluid.
If you don’t have athlete’s foot, it’s easy to avoid. Wear shoes and socks that keep your feet dry. Wear sandals or “flip-flops” at pools and public showers. After bathing or showering, always dry your feet carefully, especially between your toes. If you own a hair dryer, give the underside of your toes a blast of warm air (low heat) after you get out of the tub. Powder your feet and shoes with talc.
If you do have athlete’s foot, it may not be easy to get rid of it. Consult a dermatologist who will prescribe an anti-fungal product. Don’t make the common mistake of abandoning the medication when the symptoms go away – to kill all of the fungus, you must use it for the full length of time recommended by your doctor.
Don’t neglect the “second front” in the battle of the fungus: your shoes. Don’t wear the same pair two days in a row – give them at least 24 hours to dry out. That goes double (48 hours) for sweaty athletic shoes, which otherwise get left in stuffy gym bags! And for extra effect, sprinkle anti-fungal powder inside all your shoes.
BE ALERT TO ALLERGIES
Your feet can’t sneeze, but they may feel like they’re burning when they’re allergic to something. When they touch that something, they will look red – sometimes with tiny hives or blisters – and feel hot and itchy. The technical name is “contact dermatitis.”
While perspiration, friction and fungus irritate primarily the bottom of the foot, contact dermatitis usually strikes the more sensitive skin on top. One common cause of this allergic reaction is the tanning used in the leather. “It’s easy to spot because the redness covers the area of the foot in contact with the upper of the shoe,” says Elizabeth H. Roberts, professor emeritus at the New York College of Podiatric Medicine.
Of course, any substance can cause an allergic reaction and make your bare feet look like someone’s ruby slippers. You may be allergic to the dye in a new pair of socks. Or a chemical you’re exposed to at work. And as many as one in every 500 people may be allergic to two common chemical compounds found in the rubber in athletic shoes and the rubber-based or insole glue in other types of shoes, according to Jerry McLaughlin, Ph. D., a professor at Purdue University who published a study on these chemicals.
To “cure” contact dermatitis, determine what’s causing the reaction – then avoid it. If you can’t isolate the problem on your own after a week of trying, or if the condition worsens during the week, see a doctor. The doctor can order skin tests to determine the source of the skin reaction. To help reduce the symptoms, your doctor may recommend the use of a cortisone cream.
CONTROL DIABETIC SYMPTOM
It’s common for people with severe diabetes to lose nearly all feeling in their feet, a condition known as diabetic neuropathy. In its earlier stages, this problem can cause sensations ranging from numbness to intense burning. “In fact, a burning sensation in both feet with no obvious skin irritation could, in some cases, be an early sign of diabetes,” says podiatrist William Van Pelt. “However, most diabetics are aware of their condition by the time neuropathy symptoms begin.”
Diabetic neuropathy is caused by reduced blood flow and nerve degeneration in the legs and feet. Once the damage has begun there’s no reversing it, but burning and loss of sensation can be slowed or stopped by improving control of blood-sugar levels. For insulin-dependent (type-I) diabetics, that can mean adjusting the amount and/or frequently of insulin doses (under a physician’s guidance, of course). Non-insulin-dependent (type-II) diabetics may get relief by carefully monitoring their sugar intake.
One promising treatment in the U.S. is a rub-on, non-prescription ointment called Axsain. Its active ingredient is capsaicin, a hot-pepper extract that works by lowering a substance thought to transmit the painful impulses back to the brain. It’s not perfect, but it may provide relief for some long-time neuropathy sufferers.
EASE UP ON PINCHED NERVES
Sometimes pressure on a nerve in the foot can cause burning sensations. “It may be the result of a poorly fitting shoe presenting on just the wrong spot,” says Glenn B. Gastwirth, D.P.M., director of scientific affairs at the American Podiatric Medical Association. “It can also be caused by an injury to the foot that stretches or damages a nerve.” Even pressure on or injury to any of the nerves that run from the lower spine down to the ankle can cause burning feet.
If the burning sensation occurs only in one foot or in one isolated area, it may be due to a local nerve problem. The problem may be accompanied by numbness or shooting sensations. If you suspect that a neural short-circuit has sparked your hotfoot, have a doctor check it. You may get better with conservative care, which may include physical therapy or medications. Surgery is used mostly as a last resort in severe cases that don’t respond to other treatments.
A little-known nerve problem called tarsal tunnel syndrome may turn out to be one of the more common causes of neural foot pain. The tarsal tunnel is a channel formed by several bones in the ankle. Like the better-known carpal tunnel in the wrist, it shields an important group of nerves. Overuse or injury of the ankle can cause the bones to shift, compressing the nerves. This may cause a burning sensation along the sole and into the toes – and sometimes back up the legs as well. “Often, the source of the problem goes unrecognized because many doctors are unfamiliar with this syndrome,” says Joseph Ellis, D.P.M., a podiatrist and consultant at the University of California at San Diego.
For overuse injuries, you’ll have to take a rest from your workouts, or at least cut back on the nerve -stressing activities. To reduce tissue swelling that may press on the nerve; you can take a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The doctor may give you a local steroid injection to ease the pain. You may also be given a variety of orthotic shoe inserts to correct foot placement, since some podiatrists believe that the nerve irritation is caused by improper body mechanics.
We ‘humans’ have got the life a billion years ago. There have been five mass extinctions in earth’s history. We are living through the sixth. And now we too are running at a pace to end it all. This time it will be our fault.
The new discoveries and inventions have made our lifestyle full of convenience. But our bodies require work. Just like the sedentary water starts smelling, the sedentary lifestyle has given rise to many chronic diseases like the heart problems, diabetes and hypertension.
Today, the health researchers are suggesting that most of the chronic diseases that have appeared in man’s life are due to STRESS. From where it has come. It is the bi-product of our so-called modern lifestyle.
We are standing at the edge of cliff. Immediate actions are required to bring back the healthy days. We must incorporate exercise, balanced diet, sound sleep, and the most importantly happy and positive thoughts to our lifestyle to get rid of all health problems.
I believe “The opposite of great truth is also true.”
Day and Night, Work and Rest, Art and Science… they all looks opposite but my viewpoint is they compliment each other.
The more you relax, the more you active. Life is a balance between what we can and what we cannot. Learn to live between effort and surrender.
Your walking shoes must deliver both, cushioning and support, or you’ll pay the consequences with all sorts of aches and pains.
A fitness expert’s advice on how to shop for the right pair!
Ever since walking became the fitness exercise, researchers all over the world have worked to create shoes that will protect and pamper the feet of walkers.
The latest fitness walking shoes boast of high-tech, toe-tickling, sole-snapping innovations like energy return systems, gas- or silicon-fitted shock absorbers, acupressure massagers, lining that wick away moisture and heat, hidden passages that rotate air from head to toe, rear reflective stripes for night walking, inflatable pumps to customize the fit, all in a mind-boggling array of materials straight out of NASA.
You may not need – or want – all of these add-ons. Still, there are certain minimum features and qualities that you must look for in a fitness shoe in order to reap optimal benefits from your walking programme.
Here’s a bottomline guide from Dominic D’Silva, Sports Medicine Consultant and Orthopedic Surgeon.
MAKE THE SHOE FIT
Use the rule of the thumb. There should be a space as large as your thumb between the tip of your big toe and the end of your shoe. Your shoe must flex when your foot flexes in order to maintain the spring in your step.
Don’t go by manufacturers’ sizes. These can differ from product to product. What’s more, your foot size can change, not only as you grow, but also as you age or if you injure your feet. So try on both shoes every time you but a pair – preferably at the end of the day when your feet are actually slightly larger.
To check whether your shoes are just right, draw around your feet on a piece of stiff cardboard and cut it out. Try to put the foot shape into your proposed pair of shoes. If it buckles, so will your shoes.
The wrong fit can cause bunions and hammer-toes.
THE SOLE OF THE MATTER
The soles are shock absorbers, so must be light, firm and flexible. You should be able to bend the sole easily just in front of the tongue so that your fore-foot can propel you each time you hit the ground. Heavy walkers need thicker and more shock-absorbent soles.
The sole has three layers:
1. An outer-sole which should be water-resistant and wear-resistant as these qualities determine the durability of the shoe. It should provide traction and protect.
2. A mid-sole which can be shock-absorbent. The advantages of using air cushions as shock absorbers over more conventional materials still remain to be scientifically proved. (Remember, walking shoes have thinner mid-soles than running shoes.)
3. An in-sole, which is a detachable layer and should be firm, pliant and absorbent in order to prevent pressure effects like corns and blisters. The arch cushion gives extra support to the arch and may be part of the in-sole. Inadequate soles can cause corns and blisters.
The toe area must accommodate the natural spread of your foot while you walk. Make sure that you can wriggle your toes easily and that they can point up to 45 degrees.
Inadequate toe room can crowd the toes together and lead to deformities like hammer toes which may need surgical correction.
The lower the heels, the better the distribution of body weight on the feet. Higher heels cause more weight to be borne by the toes and the fore-feet – and can cause calluses and corns.
A heel-cushion should be ½ to ¾ inch thick. A too-thin cushion won’t protect you. A too-thick one will distort your stride. If your thumbnail sinks easily into the heel portion, it’s too soft and your legs will tire easily as though you were walking on squashy sand.
Inadequate heel cushioning can cause excessive friction on the Achilles’ tendon, with subsequent bursitis and tendinitis. A heel wedge worn inside the shoe 10 to 15 mm high is indicated for people with Achilles’ tendinitis.
A heel cup or counter wraps around the heel and stabilizes the foot. It should be snug but not tight, and should be made of rigid material that bends very little when you push on it so that your foot will not roll outward with every step you take. The heel cup should run at least one-fifth the length of the shoe towards the toe on both sides.
Inadequate heel cups can result in instability of the hind feet, causing the heels to roll in on impact which may give rise to heel pain (plantar fasciitis or bursitis at the back of the heels.)
Arches must be supported, especially when they are flat or dropped, in which case a high cut for the shoes is necessary.
Inadequate arch supports can bring on chronic foot strain and a decrease in springiness of stride. They can also cause excessive wear of the inner sole and heel counter.
High arches can lead to calluses or corns under the ball of the foot.
Padding around the ankle keeps the shoe from cutting into the flesh.
Inadequate ankle support can cause chronic pain or sprains, especially in those with chronic or recurrent ankle instabilities.
Upper should be flexible but firm. Variable width lacing can accommodate both narrow and broad feet.
A soft, flimsy upper can increase the risk of foot sprain due to excessive side-to-side mobility.
Cushioned tongues allow you to tie up your laces without hurting.
IT’S TIME FOR A NEW PAIR WHEN…
An old shoe may seem comfortable, but can direct your foot to lean one way or another, which can lead to strain or injury.
Most walking shoes should be replaced after 800-1000 miles, by which time the uppers have stretched so much that they can’t hold your foot over the side of the shoe.
It’s time for a new pair when:
The heel counter doesn’t feel sturdy or begins to collapse.
The toe area is wobbly.
Bulges appear over the edge of the sole. Don’t wait till the outer sole is worn out, for the mid-sole will have lost its resilience long before then.
The lining is wrinkled.
The shoe “feels dead”.
Patients with diabetes are prone to getting certain foot issues because of the resulting neuropathy or peripheral vascular disease. The neuropathy and vascular disease causes nerve damage and restricted blood flow which can lessen one’s ability to have sensation in the feet or take much longer to heal from an injury, especially if it is a cut. The damage to the nerves and the weakening of the tissue from reduced blood flow can increase one’s risk of various foot conditions and infections.
What are some foot issues that diabetics are prone to getting and in which they need to watch for?
Athlete’s Foot. With Athlete’s foot, a fungus can cause germs to enter into the skin via cracks in the skin. Symptoms include cracking, itching and redness. Athlete’s foot can be treated with a variety of medicines, with the most common treatments coming in the form of a pill or a rub-on cream.
Nail Fungal Infections. Nail infections are harder to treat than Athlete’s Foot. With fungal nail infections, the nail may get discolored, become thick or brittle and weakened to the point where the nail begins to crumble. The most common nail fungus treatments include topical ones spread directly onto the toenails and pills that can only be prescribed by a doctor. Fungal infections can be caused by the moist and warm environment of shoes and injury to the toenails.
Calluses. Calluses are a hardened build-up of skin which is often on the underside of the feet. The uneven or incorrect distributions of weight, skin abnormalities or ill-fitting shoes cause calluses. Various treatments are available including prescribed medications, cushioned shoe insoles and using a pumice stone when bathing to gently scrub off the built-up tissue. Calluses should not be cut or sliced off with a sharp object as infection can result.
Corns. Similar to calluses, corns are also a build-up of hardened tissue on the feet. The only difference is that corns develop between the toes and near bony areas. Rubbing with a pumice stone or taking prescription medication can treat corns. Topical treatments and cutting off the corns with a sharp object are not good ways to remove corns.
Blisters. Blisters are painful pockets of puss that often develop on the bottom of the feet, and on the toes. The most common causes of blisters are ill-fitting shoes and wearing shoes for long periods of time without socks. Against your instinct, popping a blister is the worst thing to do. Popped blisters can quickly and easily lead to infections that will take a diabetic longer to heal from.
Bunions. A bunion is when the big toe begins to grow crooked, angling toward the second toe. Because the big toe grows crooked, the portion of the toe that attaches it to the foot can become callused, sore and red. The area can also become hard. Bunions can be hereditary or they can be the result of an ill-fitting shoe such as high heels with a narrow area for the toes. Foam padding, toe separators and surgery are common cures for bunions.
Foot ulcers. A foot ulcer is a break in the skin or a deep sore, which can become infected. Foot ulcers can result from minor scrapes, cuts that heal slowly or from the rubbing of shoes that do not fit well. Early intervention is important in treatment. Ask your doctor for advice on how to best care for your wound.
Hammertoes. Hammertoes are toes that are curled under the feet due to weakened, shortened tendons of the toes. Hammertoes can impede one’s ability to properly walk and run as well as contribute to other foot problems such as sores, blisters and calluses. Corrective footwear and the use of splints are common treatments for hammertoes. In severe cases, surgery will likely be needed.
Ingrown toenails. Ingrown toenails are those with edges growing into the skin. Ingrown toenails often result in pain, swelling, pressure and drainage. They also can quickly become infected. Improperly trimmed toenails, intense physical activity such as running or walking, pressure of ill-fitting shoes and the constant crowding of toes are the most common causes of ingrown toenails. Prescription medication, properly trimmed toenails and surgery are common treatments for ingrown toenails.
Plantar Warts. Plantar warts are painful calluses usually on the balls of the feet or heels. These warts are caused by a virus.
There are various ways of attaining good health and this article discusses easy techniques and small lifestyle changes that you can make in order to achieve a better, healthier lifestyle. Here are a few simple steps that might help you achieve better health –
Sustenance and Health is an online worldwide companion investigated diary that spotlights on the connection amongst nourishment and wellbeing. In the event that you need to keep your body clean, avoid sugar-loaded artificially treated nourishment that is so normally sold nowadays. Stick to home-made clean nourishment things that exclusive join crisp fixings without additives. These practices enable you to accomplish a superior build, as well as give a special reward of mental fulfillment. Consuming a sensible, balanced diet can help us to achieve optimal health throughout life.
Drink plenty of clean and safe water.Water is important for life and is necessary every day. A person needs about eight cups of fluid per day. When it is very hot, while working, sweating or suffering from diarrhea, vomiting or fever, a person needs to drink even more to replace the water that has been lost. If drinking-water is collected from a protected well or borehole it is important to store it in a clean container. If the water is from an unprotected well or river the water should be boiled for at least ten minutes and stored in a clean container (see advice on food hygiene)
Exercise can help prevent excess weight gain or help maintain weight loss. When you engage in physical activity, you burn calories. The more intense the activity, the more calories you burn. Regular trips to the gym are great but don’t worry if you can’t find a large chunk of time to exercise every day.
Our bodies are designed to move — they actually want exercise. Regular exercise is necessary for physical fitness and good health. It reduces the risk of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes and other diseases.
Sound sleep is as important as nutrition and exercise. Try to have at least 7-8 hours of sleep on a daily basis. Sleep is involved in healing and repair of your heart and blood vessels. Ongoing sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle and can benefit your heart, weight, mind, and more.
Research suggests that people who get less sleep i.e. six or fewer hours a night have higher blood levels of inflammatory proteins than those who get enough sleep sleep
Yoga can provide relief from the hustle and bustle of modern life. Yoga is being practiced as an alternative healthcare practice. The number of Yoga practitioners continues to rise tremendously. Of the many benefits ascribed to yoga practice, blood pressure control is among the most studied. Now-a-days, millions and millions of people across the globe have benefitted by the practice of Yoga which has been preserved and promoted by the great eminent Yoga Masters from ancient time to this date.
Yoga’s attention to breathing techniques and meditation can also improve your health. Regular yoga practice may promote better posture and help you do activities requiring a greater range of motion, from dancing to reaching up to a high shelf. A lot of yoga poses, especially the warrior pose, plank pose and boat pose, also help tone the muscles of the trunk – the hips, abdominals and lower back. These muscles contribute to balance and improve back function.
It is rightly said, “Health is Wealth”. And we cannot deny the fact that health plays an important role in the well-being of an individual. Being healthy does not necessarily signify physical fitness but also the mental state of well-being. A person needs to be both mentally and physically sound to be referred to a healthy individual.
The two ways to keep have a healthy body are- Physical activity and balanced diet. When these two are in a good proportion, no one can stop you from attaining your desired fitness goals.
• Physical Fitness
Physical fitness is a common state of health and well-being and, more clearly, the ability to perform various types and parts of sports, as well as everyday activities. Physical fitness is typically achieved through proper diet, moderate to an enthusiastic physical exercise routine and sufficient rest.
It is essential that one is both physically and sensitively fit. Exercising holds a crucial place in our lives. It assists us in staying bodily healthy. The human body is designed to be in action. If we don’t walk or exercise on a daily basis then we might easily get prone to various kinds of diseases in due course. As eating food is important in our lives, same way exercise also plays a great role in your fitness. Physical activity does not necessarily mean that you need to do vigorous training sessions in the gym, but just to keep your body active by the usual day-to-day work. You can perform yoga Asana or just go for a walk and you will see a lot of difference.
• Mental Fitness
Another major aspect that plays a vital role in your overall fitness is your mental well-being. A person needs to be mentally sound and only then he/she will be able to perform any given task successfully. Mental fitness does not denote your intelligence quotient level but the normal functioning of your mind. A mentally sound person is an optimistic person and is not a sufferer of depression. Such problems can make you lose control over your mind and perform tasks that can prove to be regretful in future.
For attaining a mental stability you can perform meditation and yoga. This will help you focus and have a clear viewpoint in life. If you are suffering from depression it is advised that you visit a physiatrist and ask for further guidance. They will direct you in the best way possible and help you come out of this situation easily.