Patients with diabetes are prone to getting certain foot issues because of the resulting neuropathy or peripheral vascular disease. The neuropathy and vascular disease causes nerve damage and restricted blood flow which can lessen one’s ability to have sensation in the feet or take much longer to heal from an injury, especially if it is a cut. The damage to the nerves and the weakening of the tissue from reduced blood flow can increase one’s risk of various foot conditions and infections.
What are some foot issues that diabetics are prone to getting and in which they need to watch for?
Athlete’s Foot. With Athlete’s foot, a fungus can cause germs to enter into the skin via cracks in the skin. Symptoms include cracking, itching and redness. Athlete’s foot can be treated with a variety of medicines, with the most common treatments coming in the form of a pill or a rub-on cream.
Nail Fungal Infections. Nail infections are harder to treat than Athlete’s Foot. With fungal nail infections, the nail may get discolored, become thick or brittle and weakened to the point where the nail begins to crumble. The most common nail fungus treatments include topical ones spread directly onto the toenails and pills that can only be prescribed by a doctor. Fungal infections can be caused by the moist and warm environment of shoes and injury to the toenails.
Calluses. Calluses are a hardened build-up of skin which is often on the underside of the feet. The uneven or incorrect distributions of weight, skin abnormalities or ill-fitting shoes cause calluses. Various treatments are available including prescribed medications, cushioned shoe insoles and using a pumice stone when bathing to gently scrub off the built-up tissue. Calluses should not be cut or sliced off with a sharp object as infection can result.
Corns. Similar to calluses, corns are also a build-up of hardened tissue on the feet. The only difference is that corns develop between the toes and near bony areas. Rubbing with a pumice stone or taking prescription medication can treat corns. Topical treatments and cutting off the corns with a sharp object are not good ways to remove corns.
Blisters. Blisters are painful pockets of puss that often develop on the bottom of the feet, and on the toes. The most common causes of blisters are ill-fitting shoes and wearing shoes for long periods of time without socks. Against your instinct, popping a blister is the worst thing to do. Popped blisters can quickly and easily lead to infections that will take a diabetic longer to heal from.
Bunions. A bunion is when the big toe begins to grow crooked, angling toward the second toe. Because the big toe grows crooked, the portion of the toe that attaches it to the foot can become callused, sore and red. The area can also become hard. Bunions can be hereditary or they can be the result of an ill-fitting shoe such as high heels with a narrow area for the toes. Foam padding, toe separators and surgery are common cures for bunions.
Foot ulcers. A foot ulcer is a break in the skin or a deep sore, which can become infected. Foot ulcers can result from minor scrapes, cuts that heal slowly or from the rubbing of shoes that do not fit well. Early intervention is important in treatment. Ask your doctor for advice on how to best care for your wound.
Hammertoes. Hammertoes are toes that are curled under the feet due to weakened, shortened tendons of the toes. Hammertoes can impede one’s ability to properly walk and run as well as contribute to other foot problems such as sores, blisters and calluses. Corrective footwear and the use of splints are common treatments for hammertoes. In severe cases, surgery will likely be needed.
Ingrown toenails. Ingrown toenails are those with edges growing into the skin. Ingrown toenails often result in pain, swelling, pressure and drainage. They also can quickly become infected. Improperly trimmed toenails, intense physical activity such as running or walking, pressure of ill-fitting shoes and the constant crowding of toes are the most common causes of ingrown toenails. Prescription medication, properly trimmed toenails and surgery are common treatments for ingrown toenails.
Plantar Warts. Plantar warts are painful calluses usually on the balls of the feet or heels. These warts are caused by a virus.
There are various ways of attaining good health and this article discusses easy techniques and small lifestyle changes that you can make in order to achieve a better, healthier lifestyle. Here are a few simple steps that might help you achieve better health –
Sustenance and Health is an online worldwide companion investigated diary that spotlights on the connection amongst nourishment and wellbeing. In the event that you need to keep your body clean, avoid sugar-loaded artificially treated nourishment that is so normally sold nowadays. Stick to home-made clean nourishment things that exclusive join crisp fixings without additives. These practices enable you to accomplish a superior build, as well as give a special reward of mental fulfillment. Consuming a sensible, balanced diet can help us to achieve optimal health throughout life.
Drink plenty of clean and safe water.Water is important for life and is necessary every day. A person needs about eight cups of fluid per day. When it is very hot, while working, sweating or suffering from diarrhea, vomiting or fever, a person needs to drink even more to replace the water that has been lost. If drinking-water is collected from a protected well or borehole it is important to store it in a clean container. If the water is from an unprotected well or river the water should be boiled for at least ten minutes and stored in a clean container (see advice on food hygiene)
Exercise can help prevent excess weight gain or help maintain weight loss. When you engage in physical activity, you burn calories. The more intense the activity, the more calories you burn. Regular trips to the gym are great but don’t worry if you can’t find a large chunk of time to exercise every day.
Our bodies are designed to move — they actually want exercise. Regular exercise is necessary for physical fitness and good health. It reduces the risk of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes and other diseases.
Sound sleep is as important as nutrition and exercise. Try to have at least 7-8 hours of sleep on a daily basis. Sleep is involved in healing and repair of your heart and blood vessels. Ongoing sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle and can benefit your heart, weight, mind, and more.
Research suggests that people who get less sleep i.e. six or fewer hours a night have higher blood levels of inflammatory proteins than those who get enough sleep sleep
Yoga can provide relief from the hustle and bustle of modern life. Yoga is being practiced as an alternative healthcare practice. The number of Yoga practitioners continues to rise tremendously. Of the many benefits ascribed to yoga practice, blood pressure control is among the most studied. Now-a-days, millions and millions of people across the globe have benefitted by the practice of Yoga which has been preserved and promoted by the great eminent Yoga Masters from ancient time to this date.
Yoga’s attention to breathing techniques and meditation can also improve your health. Regular yoga practice may promote better posture and help you do activities requiring a greater range of motion, from dancing to reaching up to a high shelf. A lot of yoga poses, especially the warrior pose, plank pose and boat pose, also help tone the muscles of the trunk – the hips, abdominals and lower back. These muscles contribute to balance and improve back function.
It is rightly said, “Health is Wealth”. And we cannot deny the fact that health plays an important role in the well-being of an individual. Being healthy does not necessarily signify physical fitness but also the mental state of well-being. A person needs to be both mentally and physically sound to be referred to a healthy individual.
The two ways to keep have a healthy body are- Physical activity and balanced diet. When these two are in a good proportion, no one can stop you from attaining your desired fitness goals.
• Physical Fitness
Physical fitness is a common state of health and well-being and, more clearly, the ability to perform various types and parts of sports, as well as everyday activities. Physical fitness is typically achieved through proper diet, moderate to an enthusiastic physical exercise routine and sufficient rest.
It is essential that one is both physically and sensitively fit. Exercising holds a crucial place in our lives. It assists us in staying bodily healthy. The human body is designed to be in action. If we don’t walk or exercise on a daily basis then we might easily get prone to various kinds of diseases in due course. As eating food is important in our lives, same way exercise also plays a great role in your fitness. Physical activity does not necessarily mean that you need to do vigorous training sessions in the gym, but just to keep your body active by the usual day-to-day work. You can perform yoga Asana or just go for a walk and you will see a lot of difference.
• Mental Fitness
Another major aspect that plays a vital role in your overall fitness is your mental well-being. A person needs to be mentally sound and only then he/she will be able to perform any given task successfully. Mental fitness does not denote your intelligence quotient level but the normal functioning of your mind. A mentally sound person is an optimistic person and is not a sufferer of depression. Such problems can make you lose control over your mind and perform tasks that can prove to be regretful in future.
For attaining a mental stability you can perform meditation and yoga. This will help you focus and have a clear viewpoint in life. If you are suffering from depression it is advised that you visit a physiatrist and ask for further guidance. They will direct you in the best way possible and help you come out of this situation easily.
Essiac tea is an alternative health drink that is getting a lot of attention lately. It’s a tea that is comprised of several herbal elements include burdock, rhubarb, elm bark, and many other elements. It has been traced to being a major drink of indigenous tribes in North America. Researchers have been studying the drink for some time, and it has been shown to help the body in a number of ways. Drinking this on a regular basis could very well help with the following 10 benefits.
The first major benefit is in regard to the liver. The blend of herbs helps with cleaning the liver of toxicity. It can flush toxicity through the liver, and process it through the urine. With this tea, some individuals may see a reversal of issues related to jaundice. Which is a disease of the liver. While it’s not a miracle cure, it does support liver function, enzymes, and the removal of toxicity that can end up traveling through the body’s digestive tract. It can help boost immune system, and waste management, with a boost to the liver outright.
For individuals that are dealing with bowel movement issues, specifically constipation, this tea can help. The herbs can help soften the stool, and can help bring through enough fiber to help with intestinal distress. This is an easy laxative to take as it works with the body’s natural systems. It’s not a chemical stimulant, or harsh fibrous element. The herbs help the body manage waste, and assist with constipation with ease. There is no pain, or issue when taking this tea, as it helps the body within a few hours of drinking it, assuming the individual is struggling with constipation.
Essiac tea has a few key vitamins and minerals. One of the most common is iron. Iron is a very critical part of the body’s natural systems. With iron supplemented through tea drinking, you’ll find that the proteins in the blood help form red blood cells, and even help with reversing anemia. This strengthens circulation, and assists with proper production of hemoglobin. Staving off anemia is a great thing, and can help people that are struggling with diet and exercise, get a small boost in the right direction. It helps directly with the circulatory system, promoting heart health.
Blood Pressure Regulation
Those dealing with blood pressure issues, specifically high blood pressure, will find that the tea can help with circulation. It can help with lowering pressure, and regulating heartbeat. Those that utilize this as a calming drink, will find that it can help with a variety of different elements in the body. It can lower pressure, and even help with stress. It begins working within the first time taking it, and works as one drinks more of it through several days. Studies have shown that in a few days, pressure can significantly drop to safer levels.
Much like calcium, this tea can help with bone health. While it’s not the same compound as calcium, it does help with strengthening bone structure, and delivers a powerful mix of vitamins and minerals that the body utilizes to strengthen bone structure. There is a calcium element in this, but not as much as milk, but enough to help boost the body’s natural resources to help with strengthening bones that are susceptible, or may be weakening from injury, or malnutrition.
While Essiac tea is not caffeinated like a cup of tea, there is an energy level boost given to drinkers of this tea. It’s done through an increase of vitamin-C, and B elements. By helping the body’s natural systems get a boost in vitamins, waking up becomes easier, and getting a little natural energy delivers on the premise that coffee does, without the crash. That’s right, there’s no crash, there’s no sleepiness after drinking this, instead, energy becomes natural, without stimulants. It has a balance that works with the body.
Helps Digest Food
Having problems digesting food? Upset stomach? Nausea? Well, the benefit that this tea gives the digestive system is immense. It helps bring about the right pH levels of the body. By stimulating the stomach to produce the right enzymes, and bile production from the glands, you’ll find that digestion is much easier. That means that eating will not be a chore, and you’ll reduce heart burn, acid reflux, and much more. This helps by adding a helping hand to the stomach’s acid, so that it stabilizes a bit easier. It becomes easier to enjoy your favorite foods, that’s for sure.
Regulate Sugar Levels
While this is not a cure for diabetes, it has been shown to help with insulin production. It can help with insulin secretion, and management. This can help lower blood sugar spikes, and help keep levels lower, although it’s not a replacement for any diabetes treatment. It can help people that are susceptible to blood sugar spikes. This can also help with boosting the pancreas’s levels as well. For those that are diabetic, the tea can help with kidney function, and help with reducing toxicity. It helps with urination, frequency, and quantity as well.
Help The Skin
Researchers exploring the benefits of Essiac Tea have found that it can help with skin care. Used as a topical solution it can help with anti-septic, and anti-inflammatory elements. It also helps from the inside out, providing skin care elements, reduction of acne, and even fine lines. Those that are looking to help with the signs of aging will see a boost in overall skin care in a few days. It helps the body with hormonal secretions and balance, helping the skin heal from the rays of the sun, to the interior of the dermal layers.
Promotes Weight Loss
The last major thing that you’re going to find with this tea is that it helps with losing weight. By helping the body’s digestive system, you may get a boost of metabolic ratio. That means that you will burn calories, even when asleep. Pushing the metabolic rate is a great thing, and can lead to faster weight loss, and sustained management in time.
The immune system of a human body is a network of cells, tissues and organs that work together to defend the body against the attacks by the ‘foreign’ invaders. The term ‘foreign invader’ is used for the bacteria, parasites, fungi and other viruses that can lead to illness through infections. It is the job of an immune system to keep these infectious organisms out and destroy them.
Though unseen, the immune system cells are constantly gobbling up with the bacteria and blocking viruses from invading your cells. Similar to your heartbeat and indigestion, the immune response is a system that functions on its own and you don’t control them. But, there are a lot of practices that can work as your helping hand. Some of such practices are:
Good hygiene- The first step to begin with the defence is to keep all prospective germs at bay. How can it be done? By following good personal hygiene habits. Stop infection as it begins and before it begins. Make sure you avoid spreading your infections to others with these simple measures:
Wash your hands regularly with soap or use sanitizers 5-6 times a day. Always prepare or eat food after washing your hands and every time you use the restroom.
Whenever you sneeze or cough, make sure you cover your mouth and nose with a tissue in order to avoid its germs infect others.
Always bandage all your cuts because if left open, it can become septic and harm your immune system. If you have any serious cut or wound anywhere on your body, get is examined by the doctor within due course of time.
Do not touch your healing wounds and do not squeeze pimples because doing so allows germs to enter your body.
Vaccination or Immunisation- A number of serious infections can be prevented by immunisation. Whereas vaccination is used to cure a sore arm or low fever. The vaccination is generally safe and effective in curing such diseases. And when it comes to the infections, consult your doctor for the immunisation status. A number of health care providers and centres provide immunisation services. Generally:
Children should be given all necessary immunisations and vaccinations as and when recommended by the doctors.
All adults should make sure their vaccinations are up-to-date.
Travellers should get additional immunisations before their date of journey.
Food safety- Mark yourself safe from the causes of food-poisoning not because they are life-threatening but they can lead to serious medical conditions sometimes. For this, you have to prepare and store your food safely. Take necessary precautions to kill germs or to prevent them entering your immune system:
Wash your hands with soap and water before and after each time you handle a raw food.
Rinse all meat, poultry, and fish under running water before cooking. Rinse all fruits and vegetables under running water before cooking or serving them.
Separate raw foods and cooked foods, and never use the same utensils or cutting boards with cooked meat that were used with raw meat.
Healthy travel- If you’re planning a trip, make sure you consult your doctor once, for, if your body needs some immunisations and vaccines before you make any travel. Consult your doctor at least 3 months or as early as possible about your journey and ask him about the precautions you have to take during your visit to the place.
When choosing packaged foods, it’s important to read the labels. This can be time consuming but worth it. To save time, try focusing specifically on foods low in sugar, low in salt and high in protein. Stay away from anything containing high fructose corn syrup which is an unnecessary sugar additive. Why do we even need sugar in bread? Foods with the fewest ingredients are best. If you don’t know what an ingredient is, chances are it’s not good for you.
Marketing techniques labeling foods as Lite, gluten free, healthy or wheat may not always be the healthiest choice. As an educated consumer you should know the difference. Many so called “wheat” products may not be whole grain or made from whole wheat. The first ingredient should be whole wheat flour. Wheat flour, unbleached wheat flour, multigrain, enriched, and stone-ground wheat flour are alternative ways of saying “refined white flour.”
To save you some time in the grocery store, I’ve compiled a list of packaged healthy foods that can also save you money. Here are 6 packaged foods that I recommend:
1. Canned beans. Opt for the low salt version if you can. Always rinse the beans thoroughly to wash away any unnecessary salt. Try to avoid beans with sauce or refried beans that tend to be high in sodium.
2. vegetables. Plain vegetables without sauces and added salt are a healthy and delicious addition to any meal. Steamables are a great choice when you’re in a hurry or just too tired to cook. They are quick and easy and leave you with little clean up. They can be more expensive, so stock up when they’re on sale. I’ve found them on sale for as little or close to $1 a bag.
3. Frozen berries. Not only are they delicious, but can really save you money. Especially in the winter when berries are out of season and more expensive. Try mixing them in plain Greek yogurt. Or serving them with pancakes or French toast. It makes a natural sweet sauce. Sometimes we thaw them in the microwave, making them a little warm to pour over our pancakes. Try topping them with a dollop of Greek yogurt too. It gives it a taste that’s almost like a crepe.
4. Nut butter. If the ingredient says almonds, you have a winner. It takes some time to stir, but if you store it in the refrigerator, you shouldn’t have to stir it again.
5. Low sugar cereals. Ideally cereals should have less than 6 grams of sugar. Opt for whole grain cereal such as toasted oats and muesli. Unsweetened instant oatmeal can be thrown in the microwave for a quick & healthy breakfast.
6. Canned Tuna fish. Packed in water. This is a quick and inexpensive source of protein. I pack my tuna salad with lots of vegetables like onions, celery, carrots, vinegar, pepper and olive oil mayonnaise (it tastes just like the real thing without adding as much fat and calories).
When choosing pre-packaged foods just remember, marketing can be deceptive. The fewer ingredients, the more natural the product. Look for whole wheat flour as a first ingredient when selecting whole grain foods. Try to stay away from processed foods that are high in sodium, sugar or contain high fructose corn syrup.