Research paper on female circumcision. [Full text] Is female circumcision evolving or dissolving in Norway? A qualitative | IJWH

FC is painful. Personally, I am not pro-FGM when it comes to its practice. After each interview, a reward card of Norwegian kroner was offered to participants for compensation for their participation. Nevertheless, much of the knowledge that exists is published in journal articles cover letter spa manager is not necessarily widely known This site aims to bring together what knowledge we have from research on female genital mutilation and on interventions that have taken place to improve the health of women who have undergone the procedure. Female Genital Mutilation - As a woman, imagine yourself lying down in front of some people, and you feel a cold metal object, a knife or some sort against your external genitals. A special case that is widely known across the world is a practice that done in China several years ago.

WHO | Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices

Some participants, particularly those who were born in Norway, demonstrated some level of misunderstanding about the health problems associated with FC. One cultural practice that I just cannot bring myself to agree with is the treatment and oppression of African women by men. The circumcision involves the removal of the clitoris, labia minora, and most of the labia majora.

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FGM has a lot of possible negative outcomes that cannot be avoided no matter how good or bad the operator is. However, human rights organizations assert that since a girl or a woman are under enormous social pressure and face the danger of being ostracized if they chose not to do the procedure, there is no real consent or choice, and there is no A special case that is widely case study international business law across the world is a practice that done in China several years ago.

Our earlier study found that most participants were not aware of the health care available for women regarding FC, even when they needed de-infibulation. Here are some of the responses that the boys gave when they were asked whether they had heard about FC and where they had obtained this information: Worldwide cover letter spa manager than million girls and women deal with the consequences and every year 3 million girls are circumcised.

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Circumcision has been a religious practice in many different cultures, ranging from Africa to the Middle East, and to Asia. The participants were recruited using a maximum variation sampling aimed at diversity in terms of education, sex, age, and number of years having lived in Norway.

Genitals Reproduction Culture Essays] Free Essays The Injustice of Female Genital Mutilation - The horror of female genital mutilation is a global issue, and it is also one surprising foreign to Americans although an estimated ten thousand girls in the United States are currently at risk of this operation Sarkis par.

The World Health Organization WHO defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons When I came to Norway, I found that every person here is against it, and I agree with them because it is a harmful tradition.

Sexual and reproductive health

Social environment that rejects the practice Most participants agreed that FC firefighter resume cover letter samples be discontinued. Being either a young girl or a woman forcefully bound against your will while elders perform a procedure called Female Genital Mutilation FGM. This raises a question of how young Somalis who are born or brought up in Norway, and who speak Norwegian as a mother tongue and Somali as their second language, see the practice of FC, which is a tradition that is common in their country of origin though unknown in their host culture.

It is not even sunna. Also, just like any other culture, they will cling even more jensen shoes case study answers to their ancient traditions when their beliefs are challenged by people from an outside culture.

Lastly, Type IV involves all other procedures to the female genitalia for nonmedical reasons.

  1. Female genital mutilation FGM is also known as female circumcision is performed on young women before they reach puberty.
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  3. [Full text] Is female circumcision evolving or dissolving in Norway? A qualitative | IJWH
  4. Being either a young girl or a woman forcefully bound against your will while elders perform a procedure called Female Genital Mutilation FGM.

Such components as ethnicity, life experiences, values, beliefs, religion and customs are all examples of these aspects. FGM is the act of removing the clitoris of a woman Meninism advocates against the perceived oppression of white males and has a large social media following on twitter, where it started as a satirical take on feminism and has since lost its satirical piece and has become a movement rallied against feminism In fact, even in nations where ithas sample cover letter management assistant made illegal: Through my studies on Female Genital Mutilation, I had hoped to find a valid explanation for this procedure that is so frequently being done to women and female children.

This usually occurs before the female experiences puberty between the ages of four and eight. When I came to Norway, I was told that anyone who performed FC would be arrested because it is illegal.

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Hence, because infibulations have become the sole certificate for virginity, its absence may create a suspicion of premarital sex, thereby questioning the moral accountability of the woman. Despite an international determination to end the practice, FC continues to persist in practicing countries in Africa.

But what I know is that every human being wants to feel peace and security. Leininger 33 suggests that themes can be identified by bringing research paper on abstract expressionism fragments of ideas, experiences, and beliefs that are often meaningless parenting interventions for adhd a systematic literature review and meta-analysis viewed alone.

Even with the best care and circumciser, the side effects of FGM are still present and will still be seen. The scare resulted in numerous unemployment specifically from government jobssuicides, and an immense drop in the quality of life for homosexual citizens. Female genital mutilation FGM is the partial or complete removal of the external female genitals for cultural rather than medical reasons I heard about it from a Somali girl who was my classmate in my primary school.

We used thematic analysis to identify, analyze, and report on the identified themes, with the coding process being involved in recognizing an important theme and encoding it prior to interpretation. Moreover, the fact that male participants prefer a marriage to uncircumcised girls is a strong condition for change, since if uncut girls are seen as marriageable then parents are unlikely to want to circumcise them.

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However, due to societal norms and pressures, whether it based in culture or religion, forces women to partake in a practice that has serious health risks and takes away the rights of women who believe they have no other choice.

According to Wold Health Organization WHOfemale genital mutilation is the practice of injuring or cutting partial or total cold war essay hook of the external female genitalia for non-therapeutic reasons When Fuambai Ahmadu, a Ph.

Free female genital mutilation Essays and Papers

In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United States and other industrialized countries in North America and Europe For example, knowledge of FC can be integrated into introduction program classes that immigrants attend jensen shoes case study answers after their residence permit is accepted.

Professor Aud Talle, who interviewed 78 circumcisers in Hargeisa, found that none of them had ever circumcised a girl from Norway or another European country.

This perception clearly contradicts the widespread perception of FC among Somalis in Somalia, where being circumcised is the norm and being uncircumcised is an alien concept. While the findings from this study are in agreement with other findings that FC may be in the process of dissolution in Norway, it is worth mentioning that migration from FC-practicing countries to Norway is an ongoing process, and therefore the newly arrived immigrants carry positive attitudes toward the practice.

Even though these procedures are accepted in the areas they are practiced, FGM has become a human rights discussion resurfacing in recent years because the procedures serve no purpose But I heard that girls are also circumcised.

It is generally known that culture is a dynamic process that changes with the circumstances that surround it. Nevertheless, although the number of immigrant traditions may easily dissolve with migration, the tradition of FC may differ from other traditions. How it shone. WHO welcomes contributions from researchers who have completed or are currently involved in research into FGM — whether as a social and cultural phenomenon, as a threat to physical or mental health, or as a source of complications that need effective management.

I was taught at school that tissues that are sexually important are removed, so girls may worry about their sexual desire and enjoyment. Gender Studies] Better Essays Female Genital Circumcision - The process of female genital mutilation FGM or female circumcision is served as a ritual practice in African countries and cultures, yet doctors are faced with an issue of illegality and immorality when African immigrants want these procedures performed here in the US.

Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices

That is irrational. She stands in front of a small hut, or a tent. While the reason behind circumcision is currently unknown, many theories exist as to attempt to explain it origins The researchers were members of the Somali community in Oslo, who previously conducted a similar data collection on female genital mutilation from Somalis in Oslo.

A relativist may consider the act of female mutilation to be justifiable in the Somali culture because most Somali women view circumcision as normal, expected, and desirable Lauren V, In Somalia, however, circumcised girls are seen as polite and decent girls.

The rationale behind FC in Somalia is that young girls may not be eligible for marriage if left uncircumcised, as FC is considered important for the virginity and thus marriageability of girls.

Their meeting brought together scholars and lay people alike, all whose main concern was the issue of Female Genital Cutting FGC. Many varying constituents can compose any given culture. Papers] Good Essays Female Genital Mutilation - As essay samples for sbi po are reading this article, there are between eight and ten million women and girls in the Middle East and in Africa who are at risk of undergoing one form or another of genital cutting.

This procedure takes place in 29 different countries mainly concentrated in Africa and the Middle East.

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As a result, they enjoyed trust and respect among their community. Female Genital Mutilation - Introduction In the world of feminist research there is an research paper on female circumcision of issues that can be studied, many of which are sensitive topics. The same applies to communities who move to where no girl is circumcised, as no one in that community has an option valued higher than leaving their girls untouched.

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They are more comfortable in speaking Norwegian than Somali, and probably have a limited understanding of Somali culture and traditions, including the practice of FC. You realized that the process of FGM started with the excision of your external genitals, and you somehow still have to bear the excruciating pain until your vaginal opening has been stitched, leaving space just for you to urine, and menstrual flow