How to write a case study in psychology pdf, for example, a...
Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out. This strategy involves observing the subject, often in a natural setting. Background Information The first section of your paper will present your client's background. In a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject's life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes of behavior. An interview can involve structured survey-type questions or more open-ended questions.
Case Study Method
McLeod, S. Long-term Review and Clinical Implications. Background Information The first section of your paper will present your client's background. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event. Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out.
Section 2: Provides insight for further research.
How to Write a Psychology Case Study
The subjects are then observed and the information gathered is compared to the pre-existing theory. Researchers might study a group of people in a certain setting or look at an entire community of people.
This comes from interviews and other sources, such as observation. He conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome their illnesses.
For students of these disciplines they can give a vivid insight into what those who suffer from mental illness often have to endure. Permitting investigation of otherwise impractical or unethical situations. Always consult with your instructor for a detailed outline of your assignment. A Case History This section will have the following structure and content: The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i.
This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i. The method is therefore important for psychologists who adopt a holistic point of view i. A Word From Verywell Case studies can be a useful research tool but they need to be used wisely. Methods There are also different methods that can be used to conduct a case study: This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means.
Strengths of Case Studies
Your instructor might require you to choose from a particular theoretical approach or ask you to summarize two or more possible treatment approaches. Strengths of Case Studies Provides detailed rich qualitative information.
Some of the possible treatment approaches you might choose to explore include: Explain how psychoanalytic therapy would be used to treat the client, how the client would respond to therapy, and the effectiveness of this treatment approach. Direct observation: All the approaches mentioned here use preconceived categories in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i.
How to Write a Psychology Case Study
These are often used in clinical cases or in situations when lab research is not possible or practical. The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of "similar" instances Because they are based on the analysis of qualitative i. Jean Piaget's observations of his own children are good examples of how an intrinsic cast study can contribute to the development of a psychological theory.
Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways. This is clearly not something that researchers could ethically replicate, but conducting a case study on Genie allowed researchers the chance to study otherwise impossible to reproduce phenomena.
Involves the researcher actually serving as a participant in events and observing the actions and outcomes. Description of the Presenting Problem In the next section of your case study, you will describe the problem or symptoms that the client presented with.
Retrieved from https: Researchers' own subjective feeling may influence the case study researcher bias. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to cover letter for assistant housekeeping manager us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.
Difficult to replicate. They can be helpful for looking at unique situations and allow researchers to gather a great deal of information about a specific individual or group of people. Remember to use APA format when citing references.
Describe any physical, emotional, or sensory symptoms reported by the client. Participant observation: Section 1: The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past i. The procedure used in a case study means that the researcher provides a description of the behavior. Any screening or diagnostic assessments that are used should also be described in detail and all scores reported.
Offer background information on cognitive-behavioral therapy and describe the treatment sessions, client response, and outcome of this type of treatment. Case study method.
Archival records: Humanistic Approach Describe a humanistic approach that could be used to treat your client, such as client-centered therapy. Read examples of case studies to gain an idea about the style and format. Even today case histories are one of the main methods of investigation in abnormal psychology and psychiatry.
Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud. Was this page helpful?
Types There are a few different types of case studies that psychologists and other researchers might utilize: Other possible requirements include citing relevant research and background information on a particular topic. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. The interview is also an extremely holocaust essay thesis procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, work mates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.
The Intervention The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual.
Examples, Tips, and Guidelines
Sign up to get these answers, and more, delivered straight to your inbox. Psychoanalytic Approach Describe how a psychoanalytic therapist would view the client's problem. This allows researchers to gather more information before developing their research questions and hypotheses.
Provide some background on the psychoanalytic approach and cite relevant references. The hope is that learning gained from studying one case can be generalized to many others. The data collected can be analyzed using different theories e. For example, a group of individuals might be watched over an extended period of time to observe the progression of a particular disease.
Sex Reassignment at Birth: Provide holocaust essay thesis on the type of treatment you chose, the client's reaction to the treatment, and the end result of this approach. Sources of Information Used There are a number of different sources and methods that researchers can use to gather information about an individual or group.
Limitations of Case Studies
Census records, survey records, name lists, etc. In many cases, they are best utilized in situations where conducting an experiment would be difficult or impossible. Was this page helpful? There is an ethical issue of competence.
They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods. Explain why the treatment was successful or unsuccessful. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means? In a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject's life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes of behavior.
Case Study Method in Psychology | Simply Psychology
Letters, newspaper articles, administrative records, etc. Only someone qualified to diagnose and treat a person can conduct a formal case study relating to atypical i. In some instances, your case study will focus solely on the individual of interest.
If you have been directed to write a case study for a psychology course, be sure to check with your instructor for any specific guidelines that you are required to follow. Little Hans. What are your concerns? Thanks for your feedback! The specific format for a case study can vary greatly. An interview can involve structured survey-type questions or more open-ended questions.
Time consuming. The client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view. Your Diagnosis Provide your diagnosis and give the appropriate Diagnostic and Statistical Manual code.
Case studies are often used in exploratory research. For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior e.
The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies. A good case study should always make clear which information is factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher.
Tools, objects, instruments and other artifacts often observed during a direct observation of the subject. For example, researchers might start with an outcome, such as a disease, and then work their way backward to look at information about the individuals life to determine risk factors that may have contributed to the onset of the illness. Saul McLeodupdated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community.
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The researcher then writes up the information from both sources above as the case study, and interprets the information. The case study of Genie, for example, allowed researchers to study whether language could be taught even after critical periods for language development had been missed.
Email Address There was an error. In undergraduate courses, these are often based on a real individual, an imagined individual, or a character from a television show, film, or book. Careers At some point in your study of psychology, you may be required to write a case study.
Physical artifacts: Make note of any difficulties or successes encountered by your client during treatment.