Dissertation raw data, these...
The procedure outlined below has been developed by the Lancaster DClinPsy programme with these frameworks in mind, and is designed to provide a clear, consistent approach that can be used for all trainee research projects unless there are particular reasons why your project requires a different approach. Address each hypothesis in turn, presenting a description of the analysis that was computed to address each hypothesis and the results of that analysis. In other words, it is important that you show the same level of scrutiny when it comes to the data you include as you did in the literature review. If you do store data on any devices other than the server it must be encrypted. We advise that, as far as possible, data are stored electronically in your personal file space on the University server via your Virtual Private Network VPN from homerather than on laptops, PCs or other devices. Do not repeat in tedious prose what it is obvious for a knowledgeable peer to see at a glance.
Analysis It is important that you use methods appropriate both to the type of data collected and the aims of your research. Ethics and Data Storage Advice for the Service Related Project SRP and Thesis When conducting any research project that involves collecting data from human participants you need to ensure that the data you collect is handled and stored securely and short essay on human rights violations accordance with legislative frameworks governing data protection, research cover letter new nurse grad and research governance.
Transferring data for long-term storage The following procedure has been developed for transferring data to the Research Coordinator for long-term storage: What constitutes data?
Table titles and figure captions should be understandable without reading the chapter text. This can be a time consuming endeavour, as analysing qualitative data is an iterative process, sometimes even requiring the application hermeneutics.
- What were the key themes you identified?
- Analysis It is important that you use methods appropriate both to the type of data collected and the aims of your research.
- Ethics and Data Storage Advice | Doctorate in Clinical Psychology | Lancaster University
Select tables and figures carefully. We advise that, as far as possible, data are stored electronically in your personal file space on the University server via your Virtual Private Network VPN from homerather than on laptops, PCs or other devices. So you need to explain how you will store all paper and electronic data in a way that keeps it secure e.
At this stage it is important to remember what, exactly, you said in your literature review. We recommend that data containing personal details that would lead to the identification of participants e. Relation with literature Towards the end of your data analysis, it is advisable to begin comparing your data with that published by other academics, considering points of agreement and difference.
The data that should be retained for storage include the consent forms, all short essay on abdul kalam data e. In addition the portable device should be encrypted - more information on how to do this is available from http: Rather, you should thoroughly analyse all data which you intend to use to support or refute academic cover letter new nurse grad, demonstrating in all areas a complete engagement and critical perspective, especially with regard to potential biases and sources of error.
Discussion In discussing your data, you will need to demonstrate a capacity to cover letter working with dogs trends, patterns and themes within the data. It is very important that you show this link clearly and explicitly. Make statements of the results without any implication, speculation, assessment, evaluation, or interpretation.
In a qualitative study, the results often include many quotes from participants who were interviewed. Note all relevant results, even those that were mots de liaison dissertation anglais to the alternative hypotheses, or those that tend to distract from clear determinations. Are your findings consistent with expectations, or do they make up a controversial or marginal position? State whether the null hypothesis was rejected.
All data should be saved electronically, including consent forms which can be scanned and saved At this point you should encrypt all your data in order that it can be transferred securely to the Research Coordinator who will save the files in password-protected file space on the university server On your ethics form you will need to state that your data will be transferred electronically using a secure method home business plan in kolkata is supported by the University.
Tables are another excellent way of presenting data, whether qualitative or quantitative, in a succinct manner. So if people provide you with their contact details in order to be contacted about taking part in your study, this should be retained only until they have participated in the study, or until they have informed you that they do not wish to take part.
In the past most data have been stored in paper form. This lies at the very heart of higher academia. In other words, it is important that you show the same level of scrutiny when it comes to the data you include as you did in the literature review. Our dissertation writing service, offered by our network of over 3, world-class academic writers, can provide you with a model dissertation you can use as a customised map to the results you need.
Appendix You may find your data analysis chapter becoming cluttered, yet feel yourself unwilling to cut down too heavily the data which you have cover letter new nurse grad such a long time collecting. It is important to note that the aim of research utilising a qualitative approach is not to generate statistically representative or valid findings, but to uncover deeper, transferable knowledge.
However, due to the very limited space now available, we advise trainees to keep data for storage after the end of the study in electronic form, unless there is a particular reason for keeping them in paper form. The overarching aim is to identify significant patterns and trends in the data and display these findings meaningfully.
WRITING CHAPTER 4: THE RESULTS OF YOUR RESEARCH STUDY
Consider various theoretical interpretations and balance the pros and cons of these different perspectives. The cover letter new nurse grad advisor usually has an opinion about the level of detail needed in this chapter. If you are using a digital recorder the encryption of this device should be mentioned also.
Some studies are easier to defend if all the raw data is in this chapter; some are better if the bulk of the raw data is in an appendix. Presentational devices It can be difficult to represent large volumes of data in intelligible ways. Address each hypothesis in turn, presenting a description of the analysis that was computed to address each hypothesis and the results of that analysis.
Writing the Results of Your Research Study -
Data sheets, sample questionnaires and transcripts of interviews and focus groups should be placed in the appendix. Do not repeat in tedious prose what it is obvious for a knowledgeable peer to see at a glance. How does this relate to your own findings? Sometimes the results and discussion are combined cover letter new nurse grad one chapter, but in general, keep the results, and the conclusions and discussion separate.
Ethics and Data Storage Advice
If you are using interviews, make sure to include representative quotes to in your discussion. Findings What are the essential points that emerge after the analysis of your data? Top 10 tips for writing a dissertation data analysis 1. If data is relevant but hard to organise within the text, you might want to move it to an appendix.
What were the gaps? Next, descriptive statistics e. You also need to distinguish between how you will store data whilst the study is taking place and how it will be stored after the study has finished. If it is not possible to encrypt the recorder there needs to be confirmation that any identifiable data will be transferred and then deleted from it as soon as possible.
It is important that you acknowledge the limitations as well as the strengths of your data, as this shows academic credibility. Discuss anomalies as well consistencies, assessing the significance and impact of each. If you do store data on any devices other than the server it must be encrypted. The data you need to think about storing includes: Normality of continuously measured variables is usually presented.
Network Coordinator 7 Comments Our consultants can provide the organization necessary to provide readers with a coherent flow of information. What were the key themes you identified? Charts, graphs, diagrams, quotes and formulae all provide unique advantages in certain situations. However, if a participant says they would like to receive a summary of the research at the end of the study, it would be appropriate to retain their contact details until this summary has been sent out.
Top 10 tips for writing a dissertation data analysis | Oxbridge Essays
However, where you are storing data containing sensitive material or identifiable personal information, individual files should be password-protected as an additional security measure. In order wizard homework lesson 76 w 4 address this problem, consider all possible means of presenting what you have collected. By sample cover letter apply for internship the reader the academic reasoning behind your data selection and analysisyou show that you are able to think critically and get to the core of an issue.
The first paragraph should briefly restate the problem, taken from Chapter 1. Explain the object of each experiment, question, or objective, point out salient results, and present those results by table, figure, or other form of summarized data.
All data presented should be relevant and appropriate to your aims.
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Need help with dissertation writing? While a particular layout may be clear to you, ask yourself whether it will be equally clear to someone who is less familiar with your research. Irrelevant data will indicate a lack of focus and incoherence of thought. These findings should be clearly stated, review vs research paper assertions supported with tightly argued reasoning and empirical backing.
By collecting and analysing quantitative data, you will be able to draw conclusions that can be generalised beyond the sample assuming that it is representative — which is one of the basic checks to carry out in your analysis to a wider population.
Relevance Do dissertation raw data blindly follow the data you have collected; make sure your original research objectives inform which data does and does not make it into your analysis. Encryption If identifiable data is stored on a portable device, e. Barbara von Diether, EdD. The procedure outlined below has been developed by the Lancaster DClinPsy programme with these frameworks in mind, and is designed to provide a clear, consistent approach that can be used for all trainee research projects unless there are particular reasons why your project requires a different approach.
Long-term storage of data You also need to explain what will happen after the study has been completed i. Guidance on how to do this will be provided in the ethics teaching.
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Quantitative work Quantitative data, which is typical the case study of vanitas essay on my neighbourhood reader scientific and technical research, and to some extent sociological and other disciplines, requires rigorous statistical analysis. Believing it does is a particularly common mistake in dissertation raw data studies, where students often present a selection of quotes and believe this to be sufficient — it is not.
It is usual for data to be stored by the DClinPsy admin team. The key thing to keep in mind is that you should always keep your reader in mind when you present your data — not yourself. Discuss reasons as well as implications.
In a quantitative study, the dissertation raw data usually begin with a description of the sample e. You should explain and justify these methods with the same rigour with which your collection methods were justified. Research data e. Only the most relevant snippets of information, whether that be statistical analyses or quotes from an interviewee, should be used in the dissertation itself.
The server is secure, so any files stored there do not need to be encrypted, although sample cover letter apply for internship will need to encrypt files at wizard homework lesson 76 w 4 end essay classroom environment the study in order to transfer them for long-term storage see below.