Dissertation results and discussion. Dissertation Writing: Results and Discussion | SkillsYouNeed

You do not need to be apologetic about these, because you made a dissertation results and discussion about them, which you should have justified in the methodology section. Avoid using an apologetic tone; however, be honest and self-critical [e. If appropriate, refer the reader to a figure or table to help enhance the interpretation of the data [either within the text or as an appendix]. The reoccurring focus by participants on the need for more teachers demonstrates [insert critical thought here]. For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, or highlighting best practices. You probably love watching films that keep you on your toes.

Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research.

The sequence of this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction. Explanation of results: You do not need to be apologetic about these, because you made a choice about them, which you should have justified in the methodology section.

You don't want to overwhelm someone who tok essay rubric 2019 going to mark your work and who is responsible for your success or failure.

As a writer, it is important to address both these challenges. This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.

Some students will present their anna university phd coursework results in a graph or table and then write out this information again below the you have to do homework in spanish. But be aware that this can be considerably more work, so you should allow for this in your timescale if it's something you wish to implement. Check back to make sure that you dissertation results and discussion included all the relevant methods.

But this can be a challenge. This is really going to depend on the type of project you have created. Conversely, every method should also have some results given so, if you choose to exclude certain experiments from the results, make sure that you remove mention of the method as well.

As a result, you need to be able to make smart decisions about what to include and what to leave out. You will, dissertation results and discussion inevitably, find that you need to include some slight discussion of your results during this section.

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This part of the discussion should begin with a description of the unanticipated finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the how to write introduction and conclusion in ielts essay study. Other people might structure it according to the research questions.

Participants, when speaking sample stationery business plan an interview might not do so in a linear way. If appropriate, the discussion section is also where you state how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described, and Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information.

This is a huge chunk sample personal statement for mba admission information, so it's essential that it is clearly organised and that the reader knows what is supposed to be happening. So the quotes need to be paired down to incorporate enough information for the reader to be able to understand, while removing the excess.

Dissertation findings and discussion sections | Oxbridge Essays

Remember that both of these chapters are meant to inform. University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. We also assume that you have used some sort of software program to help you with the organisation of your findings. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 8. The Discussion

Azar, Beth. However, depending on how you have organised your work, this might end up in the discussion section. It'll also make sure you do not go wildly off topic. Having decided what to include, next decide what order to use. Creating sub-sections How you choose to organise your discussion is entirely up to you.

Secondly, unlike quantitative data, it can often be difficult to represent qualitative data through figures and tables, so condensing the information into a visual representation is simply not possible.

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Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to dissertation results and discussion [if appropriate].

Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. Conversely, other students sometimes include a graph or figure but nothing else. The text and figures should be complementary, not repeat the same information. A findings chapter that is long and confusing is going to put the reader off reading the rest of your work.

In terms of presentation, both the findings and discussion chapters will benefit from a clear and logical introduction and chapter summary. This was a focal point for 7 of my 12 participants, and examples of their responses included: One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings simple small business plan more or less re-states the results section of your paper.

Therefore, at the end of your discussion introduction you should highlight the content that each of the subsections will cover. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. So, how do you tackle this? We will use the model of Description — Analysis — Synthesis, which are typically the three components readers expect to see in these two sections.

Reminding the reader of what you set out to do A brief description of how you intend approaching the write up of the results Placing the research in context Letting the reader know where they can find the research instruments i.

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In longer pieces of work, these chapters are usually separate. Could our dissertation writing service help you? This process can generally be done at the end. This defeats the entire purpose of using the graph in the first place.

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Importance of a Good Discussion The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: There are many ways to write up both your findings and discussion.

Looking at pages and pages of text without any breaks can be daunting and overwhelming for a dissertation results and discussion. In this case, highlighting these themes in your findings chapter may be the most appropriate way to proceed.

  1. Dissertation Writing: Results and Discussion | SkillsYouNeed

If you're including a table under each subheadings, it needs to be relevant to the information that is being discussed in that chapter. Within each of your subsections, you are going to have themes or headings that represent impactful talking points business plan greene king you want to focus on.

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Something to consider first with numeric data is that presentation style depends what department you are submitting to. Presentation of graphs, tables, and figures Thanks to modern technology, making graphs and figures to correspond to your work needn't be a tedious and time-consuming task. There are advantages to both approaches.

Discussion Section

For example, if you have completed a qualitative research project, you might have identified some key themes within the software program you used to organise your data. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. You need to tell them what they need to know right from the beginning.

During your analysis of the data, you are likely to have run multiple different analyses from regressions to correlations. This assumes, of course, that you have more than one research question or hypothesis. Starting the Task Most people are likely to write this section best by preparing an outline, setting out the broad thrust of the argument, and how your results support it.

Interpret and explain your results Answer your research question Justify your approach Critically evaluate your study The discussion section therefore needs to review your findings in the context of the literature and the existing knowledge about the subject. If in doubt, discuss this with your supervisor before you start writing. Students who are not confident with statistical analysis often have a tendency to revert back to their secondary school mathematics skills.

Analyzing vs. Quantitative data poses the risk of overwhelming the reader with numbers, statistics, and percentages that can make heads spin with confusion. These parts usually appear in the discussion and ask you to employ your critical thinking skills to demonstrate how your research fits into the bigger picture.

Trees case study few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but proudly south african essay in afrikaans of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies.

An outline will give you the structure you need, and should make the whole process of presenting your findings easier.

Results Section

Once you have your examples firmly selected for each subsection, you want to ensure that you are including enough information. For example, with the qualitative data you might be concerned about length. There are many software programs available and it is important that you thesis recycling used one that is most relevant to your field of study.

The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. When considering how to present your qualitative data, it may be helpful to begin with the initial outline you have created and the one described above.


As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work. The final mistake we see is the duplication of writing or absence of writing when presenting a graph.

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Once completed, you can begin to relax slightly: This section is all about how you have 1 answered your research questions and 2 positioned yourself within the larger field of research. You should refer to every table or figure in the text. Without any critical thinking, you are really doing yourself a disservice.

This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis.